This is a question I get asked all the time: "How do I tune my child's violin?"
Tuning the violin can be scary, here's a SUPER short version of how to do it.
What you'll need:
2. Download the free app: Fine Tuner - Chromatic Tuner (iOS)
It's not the best app for tuning, BUT
I like this app because it highlights the only information you need
Open the app. You will see 2 numbers followed by hz in the middle of the screen.
You only need the big, bold one.
Gently pluck (or have your child play) each string to check what number each string is at.
The number you should see in the App, from thinnest to thickest is:
E - 659 Hz
A - 440 Hz
D - 294 Hz
G- 196 Hz
If the string is within approx. +/- 20hz (eg. A: 420-460), skip to Step 4.
If the number is greater than, proceed to Step 3.
Tune the strings one at a time in this order: A - D - G - E
Tuning the strings in this order is crucial for the stability of the tuning as it distributes the tension evenly across the instrument.
Push the Instrument against your lap or waist to secure it while turning the pegs. With the other thumb, pluck with string
Turning the Pegs
GENTLY turn the pegs to adjust the pitch (the number you see in the app will go up and down).
Pegs are tapered and will loosen as you try to turn them.
- If they are tight, pull outwards while turning.
- If they are loose, push inward while turning.
3. Get each string to within approx. +/- 20Hz
4. If you have fine-tuners (image below), proceed to Step 4.
5. If you do NOT have fine-tuners, continue to gently turn the pegs until they hit the right number.
6. This can be extremely frustrating the first few times you do this!!! Be patient, I promise it will get easier the more you do it.
Tuning with Fine-Tuner
Turn the fine tuners until the you reach the designated number for each string. Clockwise goes up, counter-clock goes down. Couldn't be easier.
Important! Depending on where you are or when you are, some teachers will ask for the A to be tuned to a different number, ranging between A = 440 - 444. Please talk to your teacher first so that you share a common pitch.
Hope this is helpful! :)